cuántos serán y cuándo podridán llegar

(CNN Español) — After several weeks of intense debate within NATO, both the Government of Germany and the United States approved the shipment of tanks to strengthen the defense of Ukraine. Enfrentada en una guerra con Rusia since February 2022.

In the case of Germany, it is about 14 modern Leopard 2 tanks –other European countries could send dozens more–, while the United States will send 31 M1 Abrams tanks–sufficient to equip two companies–, manufacturing United States.

Biden anuncia que EE.UU. Send 30 Abrams tanks to Ukraine 2:20

Joe Biden, president of the United States, confirmed the shipment, which had been advanced by US officials. este miércoles desde la Casa Blancarevirtiendo así la larga resistencia de Washington a las requestos de Kyiv de vehículos altamentes sofificados pero que requirement mucho mantenimiento y una compleja logística que, para muchos, será difícil mantener en Ukraina.

No está claro aún qué modelo de tanke M1 Abrams enviará Estados Unidos, pero tardarán meses en llegar, dijeron altos funcionadores del Gobierno, y requirán una amplia qualificación a las tropas ucranianas sobre cómo operalorlos y repararlos.

Biden too it stood out that the United Kingdom will send its own Challenger 2 tanks — at least 14, agreement with the British government-, aunque no hay detalles sobre los plazos.

This is the case decision in Berlinla misma afecta no solo a possibile envíos de tanques pertenecientes a las Bundeswehr, las fuerzas armadas alemanas, sino también a los cientos de Leopard 2 en poder de otros países europeos —Poland was the first country to offer Leopard 2pero la lista ha crecido—, y cuya venta o donación requería approvación de Alemania, el fabricante.

American tanks M1A2 Abrams at the foot of the 1st Brigade of the 3rd Infantry Division in Grafenwoehr, Bavaria, Germany, on July 13. (Credit: Daniel Karmann/picture-alliance/dpa/AP)

But how many Leopard 2 could be sent to the European countries in Ukraine, which models would be treated and when would they be operational?

El compromiso de Alemania

Alemania se ha compromido initially a enviar 14 de sus propios Leopard 2 in Ukraine, de acuerdo con un comunicado del gobierno. This number is sufficient to equip a company of tanks in the western NATO standard, composed of three platoons (4 tanks each) and 2 more tanks in the headquarters, according to specifications of the American army.

“El objetivo es reunir rapidamente dos batallones de tanques Leopard 2 para Ukraina”, dice el comunicado, y el resto se completará con sistemas de socios europeos.

Cada batallón, por su parte, is composed of three or four companies, para un total de entre 42 y 56 tanques.

leopard 2 armas occidentales ukrania

A Leopard 2 A4 belonging to Poland during military training on January 27, 2022. (Credit: Armin Weigel/picture-alliance/dpa/AP)

In agreement with the German Defense Minister, Boris Pistorius, the Leopard 2 tanks provided by Germany they were deployed operatively in Ukraine in three months.

No queda claro cuando estarán operativos los Leopard 2 entregados por otros países europeos, ni tampoco qué países los aportarán y en qué quantity.

Who could prove the rest of the Leopard 2?

Poland, which has a large fleet of Leopard 2 A4 and A5, was the first country ofrecer una compañía (unos 14 tanks) a Ukraina.

Países Bajos, que no posee formalne tanques Leopard 2, pero alquila 18 a Alemania, he said que estaba disposado a comprar esos tanques para enviarlos a Ukraina, mientrsas que Noruega he said que también “contribuirá” con entre 4 y 8 tanques.

Meanwhile, Spain is also willing to send its Leopard 2, although in coordination with its allies in NATO, according to he said Defense Minister Margarita Robles. La funcionaria no habló de números ni plazos.

Urge a Ukraina el envío de tanques Leopard 2 de Alemania 4:09

In total, there are 13 countries in Europe that have about 2,000 Leopard 2 tanks—in different states—in their armed forces. according to the expert group of the European Council of Foreign Relations.

What are the capabilities of Leopard 2 tanks?

El Leopard 2 es un Tanque de Combate Principal (Main Battle Tank) que entered service in 1979, pero que a través de sucessivas modernizaciones y updateas sigue siendo uno de los armoreddos más modernos y capaces del mundo.

It is armed with a 120mm smooth-bore cannon (standard in NATO), can reach speeds of 70 km/h, or 50 km/h when outside the road, with very good maneuverability, and is protected by a blindaje avanzo concentrado en el fronte, de acuerdo con el fabricante alemán Krauss-Maffei-Wegmann.

Sus variantes más antiguas son las A4 y A5, mientras que la A7 is the most advanced y es considerada de primera línea por su potencia de fuego, mobilidade, shieldaje y sistemas de tiro, con capacidad de enfrentarse en condiciones favorablees con los tanques más avanzados de Rusia.

Los Leopard 2 A4 pueden ser identificados por el frente recto de sus torretaswhile the A5, A6 and A7 are using a design that is inclined in an angle that increases protection.

The Leopard 2 has been exported by Germany to numerous countries and used in combat against irregular forces Afghanistanen los Balkans y en Syria —employados por Turcia—but an eventual deployment in Ukraine would be the first time to face Russian tanks like the T-72, T-80 and T-90.

It is not clear which variants of the Leopard 2 will be sent to Ukraine by Germany and other European users of this tank.

Con información de Stephanie Halasz, Al Goodman, Natasha Bertrand, Oren Lieberma, Rob Picheta, Antonia Mortensen, Kevin Liptak, Brad Lendon, Yoonjung Seo y Joseph Ataman.

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