Ephemerides del 11 de septiembre: los hechos que cambiaron la historia un día como hoy

Ephemerides (Illustration: Jovani Pérez/Infobae)
Ephemerides (Illustration: Jovani Pérez/Infobae)

The 11th of September has been the date of innumerable events that marked humanity to such a degree that they are listed in calendars and internationally known as ephemerides.

Estos eventos include desde sucesos legendarios, tristes tragedias y avances cientificoshasta births and deaths de personajes relevantes como social leaders, scientists and artistses lo que nos traen las ephemérides de este viernes.

1557: Nace José de Calasanz, pedagogo y santo español.

1891: The overflowing of the Amarguillo river provokes the destruction of the Toledo town of Consuegra, the major natural disaster in the history of the province.

1904: Entra en force en España la ley del descanso dominical.

Benito Mussolini.  (Fox Photos/Getty Images)
Benito Mussolini. (Fox Photos/Getty Images)

1926: El dictator italiano Benito Mussolini sale ileso de un atentado en Roma por parte de un anarquista que le arrojó una bomba.

1940: The researcher at Bell Labs, George Stibitz, used a remote computer machine through a telephone connection for the first time in history.

1943: The German aviation hunted in Venice by error the luxury trasatlántico Italiano “Conte di Savoia” destined for military transport, during the trascurso of the II World War.

1973: A military coup led by the general Augusto Pinochet, deroca en Chile al Gobierno socialista de Salvador Allende.

1977: A million people manifested in Barcelona, ​​during the celebration of the Day, in favor of the autonomy and self-government of Catalonia.

1978: BBC journalist and Bulgarian dissident Georgi Markov died in London four days after being poisoned.

1984: Veinte personas mueren abrasadas en la isla de La Gomera, entre ellas el governor civil de Tenerife, en la major humana tragedia en un incendio forestal en España.

1985: More than a hundred people died in a railway accident in the portuguese locality of Mangualde.

1989: Hungría permite la salida de ciudadanos germanorientales hacia la República Federal de Alemania (RFA) tras suspender provisionalmente el accordo que les obligaba a devolver a los ciudadanos de este país.

1997: Escocia recupera el parliament autónomo en un referéndum con el 74% de votos affirmatives, tras casi trescientos años sin esa institución.

El attack terrorist a las Torres Gemelas en Nueva York dejó luto y dolor.  (CNN via Getty Images)
El attack terrorist a las Torres Gemelas en Nueva York dejó luto y dolor. (CNN via Getty Images)

2001: The EU table el mayor ataque terrorist de su historiawith almost 3,000 victims, committed by al Qaeda Islamist group. Two hijacked planes hit the Twin Towers of New York and another against the Pentagon, while the fourth plane crashed in Pennsylvania.

2003: The Spanish Congress of Deputies approves the modification of 170 articles of the Penal Code.

2012: The attack on the American consulate in Benghazi (Libya) caused the death of four people, among them the ambassador in the Maghreb country, Christopher Stevens.

-260 people died in the fire in two textile factories in Karachi and Lahore (Pakistán).

2015: La Policía localiza el cadaver de la peregrina estadounidense del Camino de Santiago Denise Pikka Thiem y detiene al principal sospechoso de su muerte.

2018: The Spanish Minister of Sanidad, Consumo y Bienestar Social, Carmen Montón, dimite tras conocerse que había plagiado parte de su trabajo de fin de máster.

2019: El Tribunal Supremo español brake los desahucios con menos de 12 quotas impagadas.

1557: José de Calasanz, pedagogo y santo español.

1917: Ferdinando Marcos, Filipino president.

1934: Escolástico Medina (Tico Medina), periodista español.

1937: Paola Ruffo in Calabria, queen of Belgium.

1940: Brian de Palma, American filmmaker.

Franz Beckenbauer.  (REUTERS/Tobias Schwarz)
Franz Beckenbauer. (REUTERS/Tobias Schwarz)

[1945: Franz Beckenbauer, German soccer player and coach.

1948: Dámaso González, Spanish bullfighter.

1965: Bachar al-Assad, president of Syria.

1967: Harry Connick, American musician and actor.

1979: Eric Abidal, French footballer.

1950: Álvaro Figueroa, conde de Romanones, politico español.

1971: Nikita Khrushchev, Soviet leader.

1973: Salvador Allende, president of Chile.

1994: Jessica Tandy, American nationalized British actress.

2003: Anna Lindh, Swedish politician.

2004: Pedro VII de Alejandria, patriarco orthodoxo.

2009: Juan Almeida, historical leader of the Cuban revolution.

2016: Alexis Arquette, French actress.

2017: Peter Hall, British theater director. EFE

Con información de EFE

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