Fiscal elusive experts | How to get the cereals to pay the export rates

Due to the international precision of the granos that Argentina places in the rest of the world, provoked by the first pandemic and the war between Russia and Ukraine, the unfortunate one of them schemes that the main agro-exporting companies design to liquidate the totality of the divisions, pay export rates y quedarse con la renta extraordinaria. The maneuver is legal, and the jerga is lemma creative financial planningpero is suspended by the decree-law 21,453 dictated in a full military dictatorship that is now modified.

One hour later, on February 23, Russian President Vladimir Putin announced the start of an invasion of Ukraine by television. The world warns of the news that is coming from Europe, the guarantors of the most important exporters of cereals from Argentina do not cut the time for speculation: presenting declarations of external ventures about 700,000 tons of diarrhea, following the media for a price of 100,000 tons.

Cargill, Cofco, Bunge, ADM, Oleaginosa Moreno, Aceitera General Dehesacompanies that concentrate 70 per cent of their exports of cereals and oleaginos in 2021, show this way how to use the Exterior Jurisdiction Declaration system for special with the precise futur of the granules and approves that the Minister of Economy’s “rent rent” and that the Economics Policy Team (EdIPo) of the magazine Crisis y el Mirador de Trabajo y Economía (MATE), which is investigating this maneuver, sums up the concept of extractive force: “The disputes that arise between the National State and the great corporations under the control of the divisions, especially during these periods in which the international precision of the commodities are in the alza”.

Hecha la ley, hecha la trampa

When carrying out an export of granules, the companies must declare the exported value of the stock and with a reference point that the wire is drawn by the Secretary of Agropecuarios Asuntos Agropecuarios of the Ministry of Agriculture. The date shall not be less than the reference value for which the exporters declare that they are counted as being in the State of export and the liquidation of the divisions corresponding to them.

A statement was made – and thanks to a decree that left the company of Jorge Rafael Videla and José Alfredo Martínez de Hoz- los the operators have only one year left before the embargo (to decipher the export). Between the declaration and the effective sale you can only have one, but the State cobra your order at the exact reference point of the declaration, allowing the form that the expressions can be made specifically by each other, like a warrior.

The information from EdIPo and MATE is supplemented with real data on how the mechanism works: the precision of the tonnage of soybean meal in granel water on February 24 establishes $ 1,665 after the value of the Ministry. Given the regulation of the menu, the Ministry contemplates that the embargo can be realized more than half a year later and the permits converge on the precision and future. Now that this indicator has been released, the exporter declares that it has a maximum of 700,000 tonnes of soybean oil to be stored in February or March (at 1,665) in April, or at a discount price of 1,620. And if the hubiera declared in February to embargo between May and August, the price was around $ 1,565 a tonne, much less the 1,757 that are valued at June 3, following the Indian subcontinent.

The laminator is that which is officially official and futuristic but more systematically than the contact, in a context where the price is the same as the exact price. “It is an indicator reflecting the values ​​of the correlation of the various international conditions. It relates to the existence of a special degree of risk, but the impressions which hacked the counter-current to the cubic entones decreasing the cost at the very least of purchase “, explicit Diego Kofman integrates MATE in dialogue with PageI12.

The difference between what the exporter pays on the State and what the payment will be between $ 200 and $ 400 per tonne: the curtain, only at this position the soybean acrylic granulation and porcupine declaration on February 24, at 200 million dollars“, secure the information. Up to 200 million dollars that do not enter the arches of Banco Central.

In order to terminate where the companies are sent for free, there is another mechanism – legally adjusted – that is used to make the sale, which is the triangulation of exports. It is necessary to declare a venture or an undertaking from the outside that it is not necessarily the final destination of the merchandise, but a sacrificial undertaking in a third part of the “tribute”, more conjoined as fiscal paradises between which Uruguay, Switzerland, United Kingdom and United States. “It’s close to 95 due to the operation of external ventilation operations. It is a completely normal irregularity”, assures the informant.

Parar la sangría

Dada la legalidad de esta modalidad as a single silo and making a rapid burst of money that for less than 200 million dollars did not enter the arches of Banco Central, the investigators found an administrative medium that could “obtain the saliva of divisions”: driving the decree-law 21.453 / 76 to eliminate the needle that slips between the DJVE and the effective embargowith the ability to conceive the most accurate futures in the field.

“Se dice fácil”, consigna el informe, “pero parece que hacerlo no es tanto”. In 2002, the title of the economist by the governor Eduardo Duhalde, Jorge Remes Lenicov was annulled as a result of the decree because “there is no sea of ​​effective application of the regime of export flags”, agreed in decree 318/2002. At the same time, the cabinet, which was surprised by the decree, announced that Chancellor and Minister Remes Lenicov had resigned. Algo pasó, y no fue un elngel.


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