Maintaining a healthy diet in Latin America is more expensive than in the rest of the world

More than 130 million people in Latin America and the Caribbean no cuentas con los medios suficatos para acceder a una dieta saludablesegún reportó este miércoles la Organización de las Naciones Unidas (UNU) a través del Panorama de la Seguridad Alimentaria y Nutricional 2022.

En la región se registra el costo diario más alto para alcanzar este tipo de dieta, y las mujeres son más afectadas por la inseduridad alimentaria que los hombres en compración con el resto del mundo.

La publication revela que 131.3 million people en la region no pudieron costear una dieta saludable en 2020, lo que representa al 22.5% of the regional population y significa un aumento de 8 milliones con respecto al 2019.

This increase is due to a major average daily cost of this type of diet in Latin America and the Caribbean compared to the rest of the regions of the world, reaching a value of 4.23 dollars in the Caribbean, followed by South America with 3.61 and Central America with 3.47, while the global average is 3.54 dollars.

“Latin America and the Caribbean are going through an unprecedented food insecurity situation,” said Mario Lubetkin, deputy director general and regional representative of the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), during the presentation of the “Regional Panorama” report. de la seguridad alimentaria y nutricional – América Latina y el Caribe 2022. Hacia una mejor asequibilidad de las dietas saludables”.

During the virtual presentation event, Lubetkin indicated that the region suffered a series of impacts such as the covid-19 pandemic, the aggravation of climate change and the “grave economic crisis” que conforman una suma de elementos para tener una “sensación de preoccupation extrema”.

The information released this Thursday is a joint publication of the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), the International Agricultural Development Fund (FIDA), the United Nations Children’s Fund (Unicef), the The World Food Program (PMA) and the Pan American Health Organization (OPS) together with the World Health Organization (WHO).

El reporte reveló, también, que el aumento de precios internationales de aliments experienced since 2020, especially después del inicio del conflicto en Ukraine, y el alza en la inflation alimentaria incrementaron las dificultados para que las people puedan acceder a una dieta saludable.



“Hablamos de la region del mundo con la dieta saludable más costosa, lo que afecta particularly a las vulnerable populations (pequeños agriculturists, rural women and indigenous and afro-descendient populations), las cuales destinan un major percentage de ingresos a las compra de alimentos”, said Rossana Polastri, regional director of FIDA.

“Es una paradoja considering que Latin America and the Caribbean could produce food for 1,300 million peopleel doble de las que habitan hoy la region”, advirtió Lubetkin.

The increase in the number of hunger in the region is led by South America, donde 11 milliones de personas adicionales padecieron alimentaria inseguridad. There, the hunger reached a prevalence of 7.9% in South America, 8.4% in Mesoamerica and 16.4% in the Caribbean.

The average daily cost of a healthy diet is 3.61 dollars in South America.

Sobre este pointo, Lubetkin indicated that the three major challenges that the report shows are the jump in the number of hunger and food insecurity, the highest cost of a healthy diet compared to other regions of the world and the sustained increase in overweight and obesity. la obesidad con impacts en la salud y en la economia.

Otras cifras presenadas en el informe indicaron que la región registra una important evolution regarding the prevalence of chronic malnutrition in children under 5 years old.

In 2020, this figure was 11.3% in Latin America and the Caribbean, approximately 10 percentage points below the world average, but 3.9 million children and girls up to 5 years old are overweight.

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