The declaration that Alberto Fernández and Lula signed: guiños a Cristina Kirchner y críticos a la Justicia

Lula da Silva and Alberto Fernández signed agreements in the White Hall of the Casa Rosada (AP)
Lula da Silva and Alberto Fernández signed agreements in the White Hall of the Casa Rosada (AP)

The presidents of Argentina and Brazil, Alberto Fernández and Lula da Silva, respectively, subscribed this afternoon to a joint declaration in which they claim judicial independence and in which they fight misinformation, political radicalization and threats to the state of law. Los primeros parraras de ese documento, de 82 puntos, contienen estos topics, lo que implica un guiño hacia los reclamos politicos que viene efectando Cristina Kirchner en los ultimos meses.

In point 2, it is stated that both governments “ratified their conviction that democracy, pluralism and respect for human rights and individual freedoms constitute factors of progress, prosperity and social peace” and highlighted “el insustituible role que las institutions judiciales poseen en sus ordenamientos constitucionales como garantía de los derechos de las personas frente a las persecuciones por razones políticas y el lawfare”. Además, they highlighted that “the republican systems of government are necessitating that the judicial institutions maintain their independence and impartiality in front of the economic, political and media interests”.

Y, en el punto siguiente, expresaron su “preoccupation por los efectos criminales de la disinformación, political radicalization and threats to the democratic state of law”. Likewise, they agreed “the need to expand bilateral cooperation and coordination to advance the fight against disinformation and illegal content on the Internet”.

Además, in the framework of the improvements in the bilateral relationship, Lula cursó una invitation a su par argentino para que lo visite en Brasilia en el mes de junio, ya que este año se cumplen 200 años de relaciones diplomaticáticas entre los dos países. There he signed the “Plan de Action de Relanzamiento de la Alianza Estratégica Brasil-Argentina”, which began to be diagrammed “with specific objectives to promote the integration of strategic themes for bilateral relations in political, economic, social, scientific and technological, educational and cultural, among others”.

El documento firmado tiene guiños a los reclamos de Cristina Kirchner
El documento firmado tiene guiños a los reclamos de Cristina Kirchner

Mercosur, the common regional market that also includes Uruguay and Paraguay, will be a priority, according to the document. Proponen la incorporation de Bolivia como pleno socio y que se trabaje “constructivamente para el futuro regresso de la República Bolivariana de Venezuela”. They also coincided in boosting pending negotiations to close a commercial agreement with the European Union (EU). En ese sentido, expressed “preoccupation por las recientes unilaterales medidas proteccionistas europeas, amparadas bajo supuestas preocupaciones ambientales, que pueden afectar el equilibrio del accordo”.

They also signaled “the need to continue contando con un fruitful dialogue and with instruments of effective economic cooperation to avoid that the current initiatives of the EU, in particular in the framework of the Green Pact and the new compromises on environmental sustainability, affect negatively the balances necesarios para incresar el bienestar económico y social de ambos bloques” y coincidendios, además, en la “conveniencia de dar continuidad a las negociaciones de otros acuerdos comerciales de la agenda externa que se encuentra proximos a la conclusion y firma”.

The Argentine Minister of Economy, Sergio Massa, and his Brazilian counterpart, Fernando Haddad, also participated in the signing of the agreements in the White Hall of the Rosada House. Ambos darán una conference de prensa a media tarde en Balcarce 50 en la que ratificarán a “deepening of the bilateral relationship with instruments that increase and facilitate trade without obstacles, through the expansion of the use of the local currency system (SML), Incorporando el commerce de servicios y la implementación de líneas de crédito en reales para dynamizar el commerce bilateral y facilitar los financier flows en el sistema, augumentar la previsibilidad de las transactions”.

Regarding the SWAP (exchange of currencies) to favor the bilateral trade, they agreed to initiate technical studies, including in the countries of the region, sobre “mecanismos para profundizar la integración financiera y mitigar la escasez temporaria de divisas, including mecanismos a cargo de bancos centrales”.

Del mismo modo, compartieron “la intention de crear”. una moneda de circulación sudamericana en el largo plazo, con miras a potenciar el comercio y la integración productiva regional y aumentar la resiliencia a shocks internationales”. Y también se comprometieron “to evaluate jointly, with sense of priority and urgency, the financing of strategic projects of binacional interest, como el Gasoducto Presidente Néstor Kirchner”.

Alberto Fernández and Lula will return to Brazil in June, when they celebrate 200 years of diplomatic relations between both countries
Alberto Fernández and Lula will return to Brazil in June, when they celebrate 200 years of diplomatic relations between both countries

Another of the issues raised is the reactivation of UNASUR (the Union of South American Nations) from which Argentina withdrew in April 2019. At the same time, other nations such as Peru, Colombia, Ecuador and Paraguay were blocked. .

El Cambio Climático es otra de las preocupaciones que ambos mandatarios recalcan en los organismes internacionales con énfasis. Therefore, they reaffirmed their strategic alliance as members of the same negotiating group in the framework of negotiations under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change and highlighted the importance of reinforcing efforts in the fight against climate change in line with the principles equidad, de responsabilidades comunes, pero diferenciadas, y las capacitas respectiveas. In addition, they celebrated the adoption of the Kunming-Montreal Global Framework for Biodiversity in COP-15 of the Convention on Biodiversity, held in December 2022.

About the war between Russia and Ukraine that began on February 24, 2022, they expressed “their concern for the aggression in Ukraine and its grave humanitarian consequences and for peace in Europe” and observed that it “generated negative effects on energy and food security” mundial, aggravated by the application of unilateral sanctions, which impose additional difficulties in the economies of all the world”. Likewise, they reiterated their call to “cese immediato de las hostilidades y al pleno respeto de la Carta de las Naciones Unidas, instando a todas las parties a participar en espuertos diplomaticáticos que conduscan a un arrego negociado pacífico”.

There is also support from Brazil to the position of Argentina in its claim for sovereignty in the Malvinas Islands. Y la ratificación de que el Atlántico Sur es una zona de paz.

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