The threat that led Japan to approve its most ambitious military plan since the Second War

TOKYO.– The government of Japan approved this Friday reforma radical de su doctrina de defense with the objective contrarrestar el poderío militar de Chinaperceived as a “deséfio strategítico sin precedentes” para la seguridad del archipiélagoy la constante amenaza nuclear de Corea del Norte.

El gabinete approbó un plan para aumentar al doble el gasto en defense, hasta un 2% del PBI de aquí a 2027, una reforma que representa The mayor reinforced his military policy since the Second World War. Además, Japón proyecta unificar la comandancia y aumentar el alcance de sus misiles.

The Japanese Prime Minister Fumio Kishida, affirmed el viernes estar “Determinado a cumplir con su misión de proteger a la nación y sus habitantes en este momento crucial de la historia”.

The Japanese prime minister, Fumio Kishida, attends a press conference at the official residence in Tokyo on Friday, December 16, 2022.
The Japanese prime minister, Fumio Kishida, attends a press conference at the official residence in Tokyo on Friday, December 16, 2022. David Mareuil – Anadolu Agency Pool

Aunque estos cambios están espaldados por la opinión pública, se trata de un giro de envergadura para un país cuya Constitución, pacifista, adoptada tras su derrota en la Segunda Guerra Mundial, le prohíbe dotarse de un ejército convencional.

Kishida assured that the defense strategy of Japan will continue to be carried out “under the framework of its Constitution, international law and Japanese law”.

The plan presented by Kishida se cimenta sobre three pillars: the National Security Strategy (NSS), the National Defense Strategy and the Defense Force Development Plan. La NSS es la que contempla precisely la possibility of “effective counterattacks in the territory of an opponent”en una decision que describe como “una medida mínima de autodefensa”.

Hay que recordar que la Constitución japonesa limita enormente las capacitas operativas de las llamadas Fuerzas de Autodefensa de Japón.

This archive photo taken on November 6, 2022 shows military ships, including the main escort ship of the Japanese Self-Defense Force.
This archive photo taken on November 6, 2022 shows military ships, including the main escort ship of the Japanese Self-Defense Force.STR – JIJI Press

Este nuevo plan concede también una extraordinary importance of the sea strategy, beginning with an increment of the deployment in the disputed islands of Senkaku, under the control of Japan but claimed by China under the name of Diaoyu and Taiwan (Tiaoyutai); y el archipiélago de Takeshima, equally reclamado por otro país, en este caso Corea del Sur, bajo el nombre de islas Dokdo.

Queda por ver el impacto que tierra sobre la población el Possible increase in taxes en un momento en que la approval del prime minister ronda los mínimos históricos.

Según un borrador al que ha tenido acceso la cadena pública japonesa NHK, el proyecto prevé la additional tax collection between 4 and 4.5% sobre los taxes de sociedades en todos los sectors y extender la prevista suba del 1% sobre todas las individuales de la renta más allá de la fecha limit initial de 2037.

Demonstrators protest near the government offices in the Nagatacho area of ​​Tokyo on December 16, 2022, while the cabinet of the prime minister approves a package of security measures in the field of defense.
Demonstrators protest near the government offices in the Nagatacho area of ​​Tokyo on December 16, 2022, while the cabinet of the prime minister approves a package of security measures in the field of defense. STR – JIJI Press

As expected, el Gobierno chino ha protestado energeticamente contra un plan de seguridad que considera redactado a partir de una distortion de la realidad.

The new security strategy of Japan, declared the spokesperson of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of China, Wang Wenbin, no hace más que “exaggerar la presunta ‘menaza de China'”; un documento que “Ignore the facts, it deviates from its compromise with the Sino-Japanese relations and the common understandings” y representa, in general terms, “un ejercicio de discredito sin fundamento”.

At the moment, the presentation is the plan no ha afectado a las conversaciones para la visita a China, possibly at the finals of this month, from the Japanese Foreign Minister, Yoshimasa Hayashi, according to the official Chinese newspaper for the international community, Global Times.

This archive photo was taken on October 26, 2014, showing the military of Japan's Self-Defense Force.
This archive photo was taken on October 26, 2014, showing the military of Japan’s Self-Defense Force.KASUHIRO NOGI – AFP

También el Ministerio de Exteriores de Corea del Sur prendista este viernes una “Energica” protest contra Japón porque el documento declara bajo soberanía japonesa las disputadas Islas de Dokdowhich Seoul describes as a territory “inherently” under the auspices of “history, geography and international law”, in the words of the foreign spokesperson, Lim Soo Suk, collected by the official agency of South Korean news, Yonhap.

“The Japanese Government must be aware of one thing that repeats falsehoods about the Dokdo, they do not support anything in our future relationships and we will respond with courage to any provocation about the archipelago”. ha avisado

Who has declared his support without fissures to the new strategic plan has been the American Government, which he has applauded as a “bold and historic step” to defend a “free and open Indo-Pacific region”en palabras del assessor de Seguridad Nacional, Jake Sullivan.

“The strategy establishes a vision of the prime minister Kishida and the Japanese people around a large and strong community of partners and allies in support of peace and stability in the region”, according to what he has learned in a communique where he defends the same incremento de gasto en Defensa planado por el Gobierno japones porque “fortalecerá y modernizará” la alliance entre ambos países.

The Japanese Prime Minister, Fumio Kishida, enters the cabin of an American fighter jet during his visit to the USS Ronald Reagan, in Sagami Bay, southwest of Tokyo, on November 6, 2022.
The Japanese Prime Minister, Fumio Kishida, enters the cabin of an American fighter jet during his visit to the USS Ronald Reagan, in Sagami Bay, southwest of Tokyo, on November 6, 2022.192002+0900 – Kyodo News

“The new strategy reinforces the profound compromise of Prime Minister Kishida with international peace and nuclear non-proliferation”. according to Sullivan, which describes also the new plan as an outstanding prolegómeno of the increased role that Japan will assume in the year that it comes, and that Occupará un asiento en el Consejo de Seguridad de Naciones Unidas y exercerá de hostitrión del G-7.

“We congratulate Prime Minister Kishida and the people of Japan for his historic new strategy of national security, which will help us and our partners achieve lasting peace, stability and prosperity,” concluded Sullivan.

Agencies AFP and DPA

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