The UN General Assembly on Thursday voted to suspend Russia from the UN Human Rights Council. as punishment for serious human rights violations in the Ukrainian city of Bucha.
Of the 193 members of the assembly, 93 voted in favor of the suspension while 24 voted against and 58 abstained.
In addition to the United States and Ukraine itself, European Union countries, Latin American nations such as Argentina, Chile, Colombia, Peru or Uruguay, and other states such as Australia, Canada, Turkey or Norway have supported the measure. The resolution was also supported by Serbiawhich previously refused to impose economic sanctions against the Russian Federation.
Among the countries that voted against there are to possess Russia And the regimes of China, Venezuela, North Korea, Iran, Syria, Nicaragua and Cuba.
While, India is among the 58 states that have chosen to abstain, South Africa, Egypt, El Salvador, India, Nigeria, Pakistan or Saudi Arabia. Brazil And Mexicothe two giants of Latin America, they have not been energetic in pushing back Russia and have also moved towards abstention.
After the vote, the Ukrainian Foreign Minister, Dmitro Kulebahe said he was “grateful” to the member states of the United Nations that “They chose the right side of the story.”
“War criminals have no place in the United Nations bodies responsible for the protection of human rights”She said.
Russia’s rights to belong to the UN Human Rights Council have just been suspended. War criminals have no place in United Nations bodies aimed at protecting human rights. Grateful to all Member States who supported the relevant UNGA resolution and chose the right part of the story.
– Dmytro Kuleba (myDmytroKuleba) April 7, 2022
Since the Geneva-based Human Rights Council was created sixteen years ago, only one other country had been suspended: Muammar Gaddafi’s Libya.in response to the 2011 crackdown on protests, although months later she was reinstated.
In the Russian case, the United States and its allies supported it Moscow cannot continue to participate in that Council when it “subverts all fundamental principles” of the UN with its invasion of Ukraine and committing alleged atrocities against the civilian population.
“Russia is not only committing human rights violations, but is also shaking the foundations of international peace and security”This was stated by Ukrainian ambassador to the United Nations Sergiy Kyslytsya before the vote.
The diplomat warned all members that voting against the initiative would be tantamount to “pulling the trigger” against Ukrainian civilians and it would be a spectacle of “indifference” similar to the one that in 1993 made it possible to commit a genocide in Rwanda.
A two-thirds majority in the General Assembly was required to suspend Russia.the body in which the 193 member states of the United Nations sit, a bar which has however been exceeded the text received less consensus than the previous resolutions critical of Moscow that were voted on since the start of the war.
Even though the possibility of excluding Russia from the Human Rights Council had been discussed for weeksWashington decided to take the step after learning of the massacre in the city of Buchanear Kiev, where Ukrainian authorities accuse Russian troops of killing hundreds of civilians.
After the vote, Russia regretted its suspension but promised to defend its interests. “Sorry for that“Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peskov said in an interview with News from heaven From Great Britain. “And we will continue to defend our interests using all possible legal means.”
Created in 2006 to replace the failed Commission on Human Rights, the Council is the highest body in the United Nations in this area and is made up of 47 countrieselected for three years.
His compositionwhich is decided in the elections that are held annually, it was regularly criticized for including states with highly dubious human rights records.
He is currently a member of the Council, among others, China, Cuba, Libya, United States, Ukraine or Venezuela. Russia, meanwhile, has been a regular member and was now in the second year of a three-term mandate.